‘Classical Feng Shui’ (堪舆风水 Kānyú Fēngshuǐ or 地理风水 Dìlǐ Fēngshuǐ) is the ancient Chinese system of environmental science for establishing mutual resonance between dwellings, the lands below and the skies above. These arts, practiced over 2000 years ago, around the Han dynasty (206 B.C.E. – 220 C.E.), were at that time, holistic and undisputed. Their emphasis was the observation of earth’s structures, the patterns of the heavens, and how these influenced human affairs. In the long term, ensuring harmony and prosperity for all concerned. This was the original way of Feng Shui.
Many different schools of Chinese geomancy arose around thousand years later, during the Tang and Song dynasties (618 – 907 C.E., 960 – 1279 C.E.). The system diversified and increased in intricacy. This changed the way Feng Shui was practiced as the focus shifted from physical analysis of local surroundings to highly ritualised mathematical calculations based on ‘idealised’ calendars (increasingly further removed from actual astronomy) and the directions of the magnetic compass needle. Feng Shui became less scientific and more superstitious.
Another thousand years on, at the end of China’s Imperial era (Ming 1368-1644 C.E. and Qing dynasties 1644-1911 C.E.), attempts at re-integration of the numerous separate theories were made. Inconsistencies between the competing philosophies meant many now appeared to contradict one another. This combination of varied techniques makes up what is now known as ‘Traditional Feng Shui’. Matching the global shift away from ecological harmony and toward commercial urbanisation and personal gratification, these contemporary practices are predominantly marketed to city living and the short term goals of finding luck or accumulating wealth. Feng Shui today has sadly become much more superficial than in the past.
For more information on Classical Feng Shui methods please visit the ‘Form & Configuration’ or ‘Direction & Position’ pages
For information on the study of Classical Feng Shui see the ‘Practical Classics’ page
For information on professional analysis of residential dwellings see the ‘Feng Shui Consultancy’ page
Academic Journal of Feng Shui – www.ajofengshui.co.nf
Feng Shui Today – www.fengshuitoday.com
Howard Choy ‘The Feng Shui Architect’ – www.howardchoy.wordpress.com
Stephen Skinner (Author) – www.sskinner.com